Where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
Location: An Giang, Kien Giang, Dong Thap, Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, Soc Trang, Ca Mau, and Bac Lieu
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Bank Risk Rating: A
Risk rating varies among banks and may refer only to the particular investment and not to the risk for the project as a whole. Projects marked 'U' have an 'Unknown' risk rating at the time of disclosure.
Board Decision Date: 2016-06-10
The estimate day the bank will vote on a proposed investment. The decision dates may change, so review updated project documents or contact the EWS team.
Borrower or Client: GOVERNMENT OF VIETNAM. MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
The holder of the loan, grant, or other investment.
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
- Agriculture and Forestry
- Climate and Environment
- Water and Sanitation
Potential Rights Impacts:
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
- Healthy Environment
- Housing & Property
- Indigenous Peoples
- Labor & Livelihood
- Right to Food
- Right to Water
Investment Type(s): Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, etc.
Investment Amount (USD): $ 310.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD): $ 387.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please see updated project documentation for more information.
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Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Project
The development objectives of the Mekong Delta Integrated Climate Resilience and Sustainable Livelihoods Project for Vietnam are to enhance tools for climate-smart planning and improve climate resilience of land and water management practices in selected provinces of the Mekong delta in Vietnam.
The project comprises of five components. The first component, enhancing monitoring, analytics, and information systems provides the framework for ensuring the capacity to undertake ‘smart investments’ and cope with anticipated wide-scale environmental changes. It consists of three sub-components: (i) monitoring systems to enhance Mekong delta knowledge base; (ii) infrastructure and information systems for enhanced decisions; and (iii) mainstreaming climate resilience into planning processes.
The second component, managing floods in the upper delta objective is to protect and or reclaim the benefits of controlled flooding (flood retention) measures while increasing rural incomes and protecting high-value assets in An Giang, Kien Giang, and Dong Thap provinces.
The third component, adapting to salinity transitions in the delta estuary aims to address the challenges related to salinity intrusion, coastal erosion, sustainable aquaculture, and improved livelihoods for communities living in the coastal areas of Ben Tre, Tra Vinh, and Soc Trang provinces.
The fourth component, protecting coastal areas in the Delta Peninsula aims to address the challenges related to coastal erosion, groundwater management, sustainable aquaculture, and improved livelihoods for communities living in the coastal areas of Ca Mau, Bac Lieu, and Kien Giang provinces.
The fifth component, project management and implementation supports project management and capacity building for ministry of agriculture and rural development (MARD), ministry of natural resources and environment (MONRE),
Early Warning System Project Analysis
APPLICABLE SOCIAL & ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS
Based on Bank documents, the following environmental and social safeguard policies are triggered:
Environmental Assessment OP/BP 4.01 - is triggered because the construction of sluice gates are dredging of canals may expose acid sulfate soils and release hazardous substances resulting in contaminated sediment.
Natural Habitats OP/BP 4.04 triggered because construction and operation of water infrastructures such as sluices gates have small potential impacts on natural habitats of rivers, canals and estuaries. As well as Certain proposed project activities would impact the ecological flow of the rivers in the Mekong Delta, impacting aquatic flora and fauna. Changes in the ecological flow of the Mekong River may result due to installation of sluice gates and other flood/salinity control measures; leading to a reduction in the diversity and quantity of fish populations.
Forests OP/BP 4.36- triggered because Coastal protection/restoration to restore coastal landscapes to enhance resilience of in land farming, reduce vulnerability to the impacts of sea-level rise and coastal erosion the bank document identified increased area of mangroves in coastal areas.
Pest Management OP 4.09- triggered because potential increased use of pesticides and pollution and disease from shrimp farming within the development of livelihood models in sub-projects.
Physical Cultural Resources OP/BP 4.11- triggered because During the implementation of subprojects, relocation of graves is likely to be necessary. And These impacts are considered moderate, long term, unavoidable. Bank document identified 28 graves to be affected.
Involuntary Resettlement OP/BP 4.12 triggered because Project activities are likely to involve some land acquisition resulting in physical land take and impacts on livelihood and resources. This may occur in components 2,3 and 4. It may be necessary to compensate local communities for lost homes, immovable assets and/or lost revenues/livelihoods.
Safety of Dams OP/BP 4.37 triggered because The potential construction and operation of a water reservoir for water supply and fire prevention in U Minh Ha National Park in Ca Mau province, and thus may have significant impacts on natural habitats and biodiversity of the national park.
Projects on International Waterways OP/BP 7.50- triggered because the project is located in the Mekong Delta and may include flood retention and fisheries sub-projects that may have an impact on upstream riparian. but the Bank has determined that the project deals with existing schemes and will not produce any adverse impacts on upstream countries. On this basis, the project activities fall under the exception of the riparian notification requirement
Indigenous People- triggered because There are 1,845 ethnic minority households (6,641 people) which are potentially affected by the Sub project due to the proposed livelihood improving models. Bank documents also state that ethnic minority households may have to adapt or change their current livelihood models to more climate resilient ones.
OUR RISK ASSESSMENT
Based on the World Bank's project documents, this project poses potential risks to the following human rights:
The Right to a Healthy Environment bank document identified project level construction may cause loss of vegetation covers, contamination of land and water due to disposal of dredged materials, exposure of acid sulfate soil from excavation, increase air pollution, noise, vibration. Improper management of sluice gate potentially cause epidemic of fish and shrimp diseases.
Right to Property and Adequate Housing
Bank documents identified 823 household are be affected by permanent land acquisition; 1,249,974 m2 agriculture land will be acquired, 70 household will be permanently relocated during the first year subprojects. 153 household to be temporary affected by land acquisition mostly in An Giang province with temporary acquisition of 108.00 m2 public land in Kien Giang.
The Right to Livelihood
The project will have long term impacts on current livelihood by changing community livelihood -from 3 crops rice to 2 crops, from rice farming to forest-shrimp growing. Potential decrease of incomes and disruption of livelihood may occur as bank documents identify: Water supply interruption is likely during construction. The interruption of water supply of rice cultivation and aquaculture ponds may result in lower incomes and the risk of uncontrolled situation of diseases on the shrimps. The bank document recognized the technical risk of the farmer livelihood transitions considered Substantial. Project may increase migration to urban areas because local people may not adapt well with the project activities.
Indigenous People Rights
Low education and landless ethnic minority men and women work low paid for shrimp and cockle farms. The conversion of livelihood model may pose significant impact to poor and landless ethnic minority people especially on the employment opportunities.
Right to Water
The construction of sluice gates, bridges, embankments, canals and river dredging may interrupt the irrigation and domestic water supply also to the near surface ground water. Based on a local source, there are conflicts in brackish areas due to the land use plan. People want to grow shrimp because of the higher profits, but all the infrastructures aim to promote rice farming. Therefore, it might lead to some conflicts in the brackish area.
Right to Food
The changes in water flow and interruption of rivers may affect the fish population and barrier to fish migration to the extend people downstream food are cultivated from the river ecosystems. The acquisition of the agricultural land would also affect the rights to food.
Contact: Anjali Acharya
Title: Senior Environmental Specialis
Tel: 5777+7341 /
Contact: Binh Thang Cao
Title: Sr Agricultural Spec.
Tel: 5794+6124 /
Contact: Greg J. Browder
Title: Lead Water Resource Management
Tel: 5778+8358 /
Name: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Contact: Kim Long Tran
Title: Director General, ICD
Name: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Vietnam
Contact: Phu Binh Pham
Title: Director General, ICD
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF WORLD BANK
The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
. You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at: http://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/Home.aspx