Where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
Bank Risk Rating: A
Risk rating varies among banks and may refer only to the particular investment and not to the risk for the project as a whole. Projects marked 'U' have an 'Unknown' risk rating at the time of disclosure.
Board Decision Date: 2015-05-29
The estimate day the bank will vote on a proposed investment. The decision dates may change, so review updated project documents or contact the EWS team.
Borrower or Client: UP-PWD
The holder of the loan, grant, or other investment.
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
- Industry and Trade
Potential Rights Impacts:
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
- Cultural Rights
- Healthy Environment
- Housing & Property
- Labor & Livelihood
- Right to Health
- Right to Water
Investment Type(s): Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, etc.
Investment Amount (USD): $ 400.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD): $ 570.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please see updated project documentation for more information.
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UP CORE ROAD NETWORK DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
Bank documentation states, "The Proposed Project Development Objective is to:
- improve quality, safety and sustainability of targeted state highway corridors and;
- to introduce better Road Management Practices' in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The Project will be comprised of four components:
- Civil Works
- Road Sector and Institutional Reform
- Road Safety
- Contingent Emergency Response.
Early Warning System Project Analysis
The Bank has categorized this as a category 'A' project. Bank documentation states that, Category A project[s are] likely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive, diverse, or unprecedented. These impacts may affect an area broader than the sites or facilities subject to physical works.
According to Bank documentation Uttar Pradesh is the country's most populous state with a population of nearly 200 million. One sixth of India's population lives in the 70 districts of UP. Many roads in UP have locally important cultural properties located along the edge of pavement. UP forms the bulk of the Gangetic plain in India and though it has very little forest cover, it has several protected areas, including bird and animal sanctuaries and national parks. Some locations in the state serve as freshwater wetlands, some not protected under law, but are important staging/nesting grounds for birds. Due to the nature of its categorization, the proposed project is likely to have a number of adverse environmental and social impacts, i.e. environmental pollution and economic as well as property displacement.
The Bank states that, Project specific Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy will be prepared based on World Bank Safeguard Policies and applicable GoI [Government of India] and State's Acts/Policies/Guidelines. Further, The ESMF shall include methodology and format for social/environment screening of each road;
corridor specific detailed Social Impact assessment (SIA); Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA); development of action plans such as for Natural Habitats and Cultural Resources, wherever required; Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP);resettlement policy framework (RPF); consultation framework; framework for preparing indigenous peoples development plan (IPDP); framework for preparing gender action plan (GAP); monitoring indicators and evaluation process; and institutional arrangement for implementation of EMP and RAP.
APPLICABLE SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS:
The Bank recognizes that the proposed project will trigger the following safeguard policies:
Environmental Assessment OP/ BP 4.01
Bank documentation states, In addition to the ESMF, Environmental Management Plans will be prepared for the specific segments identified and included in the 30% of works that will be ready at appraisal. Available Bank documentation does not specify when Environmental Management Plans we be prepared for the remaining 70% of works that will not be ready at appraisal.
Natural Habitats OP/BP 4.04
The Bank states, Some roads in the core road network may pass through or close to natural habitats, whether these are located in protected areas or not such as wetlands.
Forests OP/BP 4.36
Bank documentation states that, In Uttar Pradesh, plantation on roadside trees and canal edges are designated as protected forests. While tree cutting for widening will be required, no commercial logging is going to be supported, if some of the project roads
pass through the Reserved Forests, then it may affect health of the forest patch.
Physical Cultural Resources OP/ BP 4.11
This policy is triggered because, according to Bank documentation, the project roads are dotted with local shrines, places of worship, and graves which can be of cultural value to local people. In addition, the possibility of chance-finds also exists since large quantities of earthwork are involved.
Indigenous Peoples OP/BP 4.10
At this stage of the investment the Indigenous Peoples safeguard policy has a 'TBD' or To Be Determined status. The Bank states, Since the roads are not known at this stage, social screening and assessment will be carried out for each identified road and based on screening results and assessment road specific IPDP will be prepared.
Involuntary Resettlement OP/BP 4.12
This policy is triggered because, Bank documentation states, the project is likely to acquire private land leading to loss of income and/or sources of income. The project is likely to displace non-titleholders settled within the road's right of way.
Safety of Dams OP/BP 4.37
Similar to the Indigenous Peoples safeguard policy, the Safety of Dams policy is also To be Determined or 'TBD' at this stage. Bank documentation states, Some of the roads may be on canal edges and the proposed interventions may require some modifications to these. This will be determined during project preparation.
People Affected By This Project
Environmental and Human Rights Risk Assessment
To the best of our knowledge, there are currently only two Bank documents available for this project: The Integrated Safeguards Data Sheet Concept Stage and the Project Information Document (PID) Concept Stage. This assessment is based on these early-stage project documents.
RIGHT TO CULTURE
As noted above, Bank documentation explicitly states the project roads are dotted with local shrines, places of worship, and graves which can be of cultural value to local people. In addition, the possibility of chance-finds also exists since large quantities of earthwork are involved.
The following questions may be relevant for local communities in determining whether the proposed project will infringe on their right to culture:
- Does the land or other sites that will be affected by the investment project have a cultural significance for your community?
- Are these cultural sites taken into account and respected by the the UP Department of Public Works and any companies involved in the project in their plans and assessments?
- Have or will community members be involved in plans to protect this heritage?
- Does this project have a chance-finds procedure in case cultural artifacts are encountered during operations?
RIGHT TO A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT
According to Bank documentation, the proposed project is a Category A project and the Environmental Assessment OP/BP 4.01 safeguard policy is also triggered. Thus, there will likely be significantly adverse impacts not only at the construction sites, but also affecting environments and communities in Uttar Pradesh. Negative impacts that are often associated with Category A infrastructural projects include: change in topographic features of the area, i.e. water draining properties, increase in dust and air pollution, soil disturbance, increased traffic around construction sites, noise pollution, loss of biodiversity due to construction, etc.
The following questions may be relevant for local communities in determining whether the proposed project will infringe on their right to a healthy environment:
- Do you feel that your natural environment (air, water, land, animals, and plants) will change at the start of the investment project?
- Where will solid waste, hazardous waste, and other waste products be disposed of and what impact is this likely to have on the local environment?
- What opportunities (legal or otherwise) are open to you if the environmental impacts of the project operations become a problem for local communities and/or the local ecosystem?
RIGHT TO HEALTH
The death totals due to automobile accidents in Uttar Pradesh are among the highest in the country and the world. Bank documentation states, India has the dubious distinction of leading the world in road accident fatalities. In 2012, there were more than 138,000 people killed on the roads, implying that about 378 lives are being lost every day in India due to road accidents. Uttar Pradesh together with Tamil Nadu has been the largest contributor to the total number of road crash deaths in the country (11.7 percent each), followed by Andhra Pradesh (10.8), Maharashtra (9.6) and Rajasthan (6.9). A total of 22,155 people were injured and 16,149 killed on UP roads in 2012, of which 73 percent died on national and state highways (less than 9 percent of the road network). Almost 50 percent of the people killed on UP roads belong to vulnerable groups of road users (pedestrians, bicyclists and two-wheelers).
While this project aims to improve the safety of roads in UP, constructing more roads while not implementing educational or safety measures may have the effect of perpetuating dangerous driving and increasing traffic-related hazards, accidents, and deaths in the state.
In addition to the dangers described above, there are also indirect adverse health impacts that may result from construction activities. Past Bank funded projects show that an influx of workers during the construction phase of a project creates new demands on the existing health care infrastructure and services, and also often finds that existing infrastructure and services are inadequate to meet the needs of people living in the project area. During project construction communities may experience the generation of vectors and vector borne diseases, spread of STD / HIV amongst the construction workers and within the community in the vicinity of construction activities etc.
This information is relevant to the proposed project. According to the Bank's project appraisal document (PAD) for the Uttar Pradesh Health Systems Strengthening Project, Infectious diseases are still a major problem in UP, immunization rates remain very low (only 30% children are fully immunized by 12 months of age), and polio continues to be endemic in parts of western UP. Of the 264 high focus districts identified by the central Ministry of Health, 46 are in UP. Health seeking is among the lowest in the nation in rural UP at 7.7% for acute illnesses (for India is 8.2%), though reported illnesses are higher than the average for India.
The following questions may be relevant for local communities in determining whether the proposed project will infringe on their right to health:
- Do you have reasons to believe that your health and/or your access to health services could be affected as a result of the planned investment project?
- Do project assessments and plans produced for the project include adequate measures for reducing risks from road accidents in UP?
- Does the Company have a policy or program to ensure that its activities do not cause public health problems or affect people's right to health?
- What mechanisms for redress (legal or other) are available if you feel that your right to health has been affected?
- Do project assessments and plans produced for the project adequately address risks to health?
- Were community members consulted and involved in the creation of such plans?
- Were community members informed about the road construction route and how new traffic will flow in the area?
- Does the road construction replace existing roads in the community or does it change customary routes used in the past? Have community members been engaged by UPSRP to identify these changes and learn how to use the new road?
- Have community members received any training or information regarding vehicle use and walking options to traverse the new roads?
RIGHT TO WATER
Experience with other transportation sector projects shows that implementation of proper mitigation measures are often needed to avoid negative impacts to community water sources. If there is improper or inadequate project design and implementation, solid waste management programs, may invade state water systems thereby affecting the health and agricultural production of community members.
Given these considerations, the following survey questions related to the right to water should be raised by communities and individuals to be affected:
- Does the UP Department of Public Works or the companies involved in the project have a policy or program to ensure that project activities do not affect communities' and individuals' right to water?
- Where will wastewater and other sewage be released and what impact is this likely to have on the local environment and water supply?
- Does the UP Department of Public Works or the companies involved in the project have adequate safeguards in place to prevent waste products from being carried into and contaminating nearby rivers or other water sources?
RIGHT TO HOUSING AND PROPERTY
Bank project documentation states that, The project is likely to acquire private land leading to loss of income and/or sources of income. The project is likely to displace non-titleholders settled within the road's right of way. As per the new Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, District Administration is additionally responsible for preparation and implementation of Resettlement and Rehabilitation Process. The
project however will support district administration in this process.
The following questions may be relevant to determining whether you or your community's right to housing and property will be adversely affected by the investment project:
- Have you and your community had an opportunity to provide meaningful input at each stage of the project design and planning, including on economic resettlement plans, and provide suggestions about alternatives to relocation?
- Was there evidence that the company had adequately considered and responded to your input?
- Do you have reasons to believe that your access to adequate housing could change once the investment project begins?
- What options do you have (legal or otherwise) if you feel that your right to property or adequate land or employment has been compromised?
- Have there been any complaints of forced evictions resulting from this project?
- Will communities resettled for this project move voluntarily?
- If you are to be resettled, do you feel that you will receive adequate compensation for your land, housing, or crops?
- Will the resettlement area provide access to similar sources of livelihood as previous locations?
- How will appropriate compensation for lost trees, facilities and other assets be determined?
The total project cost is US$570 million. The World Bank's International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is providing US$400 million in Investment Project Financing. According to World Bank documentation, Investment Project Financing "provides IBRD loan, IDA credit/grant and guarantee financing to governments for activities that create the physical/social infrastructure necessary to reduce poverty and create sustainable development."
Contact: Dr. Rajneesh Dube
Title: Principal Secretary
According to Bank documentation the project will ensure proactive disclosure and sharing of information with the key stakeholders, including the affected persons/communities and will have a communication strategy focusing on efficient and effective usage of print and electronic media, bill boards, posters, wall writing, and adoption of any other method suiting local contexts. Similarly, that Bank states An integrated Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) will be established for the project to address complaints using various mediums (e.g. a dedicated, toll free phone line, web based complaints, written complaints and open public days) and address them in a time bound manner.
ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM OF WORLD BANK
The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing email@example.com. You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at: http://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/Home.aspx.