Quick Facts

Where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • Congo, Democratic Republic of
Location: Kinshasa, Inkisi, Mbanza-Ngungu, Kimpese, Tshela, Lukula, Boma
Whenever identified, the area within countries where the impacts of the investment may be experienced. Exact locations of projects may not be identified fully or at all in project documents. Please review updated project documents and community-led assessments.
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
  • World Bank (WB)
Status: Active
Bank Risk Rating: A
Risk rating varies among banks and may refer only to the particular investment and not to the risk for the project as a whole. Projects marked 'U' have an 'Unknown' risk rating at the time of disclosure.
Board Decision Date: 2013-06-11
The estimate day the bank will vote on a proposed investment. The decision dates may change, so review updated project documents or contact the EWS team.
Borrower or Client: MINISTRY OF FINANCE
The holder of the loan, grant, or other investment.
The service or industry focus of the investment. A project can have several sectors.
  • Agriculture and Forestry
  • Communications
  • Construction
  • Industry and Trade
  • Law and Government
  • Transport
Potential Rights Impacts:
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
  • Cultural Rights
  • Healthy Environment
  • Housing & Property
  • Right to Food
  • Right to Water
Investment Type(s): Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, etc.
Investment Amount (USD): $ 110.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD): $ 114.70 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please see updated project documentation for more information.

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Primary Source

Original disclosure @ WB website
Updated in EWS: 2018-03-12
Disclosure Date: 2012-02-27
Dem Rep Congo - Western Growth Poles

Project Description

This World Bank investment will assist the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in implementing its 2012-2016 Action Plan to kick start economic development, particularly in agricultural production and agro-processing, by concentrating public resources and reforms along specially identified "growth poles" in the Bas Congo-Kinshasa corridor, including a Special Economic Zone in Maluku, about 70km from the center of Kinshasa. The program will initially focus on cassava, rice, and palm oil in Boma, Lukula, Tshela, Kimpese, Mbanza-Ngungu and Inkisi, and on facilitating access to industrial land and infrastructure in Maluku. Public resources will be directed at improving the entire value chain in these areas, with the potential to scale up the program in the future.

Early Warning System Project Analysis

The World Bank has classified this project as Category A, because it will invest in new physical infrastructure with significant environmental impacts. Financing will support basic physical infrastructure in the target area, including establishment of the Maluku industrial zone, new markets in the Kinshasa periphery, depot points and wholesale markets, and improvement of feeder roads and energy supply. Additionally, the project will involve assistance to promote the establishment of fruit/vegetable/fish processing units, packaging and manufacturing industries, and improvement of commercial agriculture.


People Affected By This Project


Right to Culture

The World Bank highlighted potential cultural impacts in its safeguards assessment based on the DRC as a country having a rich cultural heritage. It urged prudence in the implementation of this program such that cultural resources are not damaged.

Some questions community members and local NGOs should consider asking:

Right to Food

The World Bank noted that the program will involve land acquisition, likely entailing loss of farm land and structures for local communities, which are presently sources of food and livelihoods. It highlighted the potential loss of cattle and cattle grazing land, urging irrigation zoning in particular to take account of cattle farmers' needs.

Some questions community members and local NGOs should consider asking:

Right to Housing and Property

The World Bank noted that program investments will involve land acquisition and thus likely loss of farm land and structures for local communities. It recognized that this would consequently mean the loss of sources of livelihood and shelter. The DRC has prepared a resettlement plan that includes compensation for lost trees, facilities, and income up to one year, as well as construction of a school and health center in the resettlement area and access to drinking water and electricity.

Some questions community members and local NGOs should consider asking:

Right to Water

The World Bank does not expect project activities to affect the quality or quantity of water flows on the Congo River. However, it does expect pollution and degradation of the rivers due to use of pesticides and manures, as well as the installation of platforms, production tracks, river ports, and other physical investments. Development of the industrial zone and related industrial infrastructure in Maluku may also have impacts on the river and other water sources, particularly by way of waste discharge. Furthermore, agricultural activities are likely to involve forest clearing, which can cause erosion into rivers, and, as indicating by several recent scholarly studies, adversely affect rain behavior over the Congo Basin through loss of the primary evapotranspiration mechanism.

Some questions community members and local NGOs should consider asking:

Right to a Healthy Environment

The World Bank anticipates that the new agriculture and agribusiness sectors will involve the use of pesticides and manure, and has noted the likely environmental hazards presented by these techniques.

Moreover, the World Bank has noted that much of the construction involved in this program will take place in new areas where forests still exist. The World Bank highlighted likely impacts such as on the welfare of people whose livelihoods depend on interaction with the forests, and on the various animal and insect species whose natural habitat will be depleted. A recent study coordinated by the World Bank at the request of the Central African Forests Commission (COMIFAC) reported that annual rates of forest degradation and deforestation almost doubled in the Congo Basic from 1990-2000 to 2000-2005, and anticipates accelerated forest losses in the near future. However, the study found that cultivated agricultural land could be almost doubled in the Congo Basin without converting any forested areas, and urged development planning that takes this potential into account. Another recent study by the Center for International Forestry Research found that most of the threats to forest health in the DRC arise from energy needs, and explored the untapped potential of the Congo River as a more sustainable source of power.

Some questions community members and local NGOs should consider asking:

Investment Description

The total cost for implementing the 2012-2016 Action Plan is estimated at US$114.7 million, of which US$110 million will be financed through a World Bank Specific Investment Loan (SIL). Most of the World Bank financing will be allocated as follows: US$48 million for agriculture value chain development in Bas-Congo; US$27 million for the Special Economic Zone in Maluku, primarily for physical infrastructure; US$10 million for investment promotion, including targeted regulatory reforms; and US$8 million for coordination, monitoring, and impact assessments.

Private Actors

In the last five years alone, the DRC has received or been approved for over US$1.3 billion in World Bank financing. This money has been targeted at such initiatives as urban development, primary healthcare, public management, transportation, water supplies, and agricultural rehabilitation.

In 2005 a complaint was submitted to the World Bank Inspection Panel, alleging that implementation of a new commercial forest concession system and preparation of a forest zoning plan in the DRC was going to cause irreversible harm to the Pygmies who had lived in the implicated forests for generations, and who had been neither consulted nor considered. The Panel found that the Bank had failed to identify between 250,000 and 600,000 indigenous people in the project-affected area, that the forest concessions should have been blocked by the 2002 moratorium, and that logging activities would have significant environmental and social impacts. An Action Plan to mitigate and avoid these problems was approved by the Panel, which monitored its implementation through 2012.

In 2009 a complaint was submitted to the World Bank Inspection Panel, alleging that a private sector competitiveness project in the DRC had resulted in the dismissal of about 10,655 Gcamines workers, and that adequate severance payments and social reintegration programs as required under the Bank policy did not materialize. The Panel's involvement in the case is ongoing.

Contact Information

Ministry of Finance
Democratic Republic of Congo
Tel: (243-8) 1811-6565
Email: minfinrdc@micronet.cd

The World Bank reports that a broad-based and in-depth consultation approach was taken in connection to this program, including interviews with relevant stakeholder groups in the public and private sectors as well as civil society. These included producers' organizations, key ministries and government agencies, pesticide wholesalers and retailers, and public consultations in the target areas.


The World Bank Inspection Panel is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by a World Bank-financed project. If you submit a complaint to the Inspection Panel, they may investigate to assess whether the World Bank is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. You can contact the Inspection Panel or submit a complaint by emailing ipanel@worldbank.org. You can learn more about the Inspection Panel and how to file a complaint at: http://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/Home.aspx.

Bank Documents