Quick Facts

Where the impacts of the investment may be experienced.
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Mexico
International, regional and national development finance institutions. Many of these banks have a public interest mission, such as poverty reduction.
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
Status: Active
Bank Risk Rating: B
Risk rating varies among banks and may refer only to the particular investment and not to the risk for the project as a whole. Projects marked 'U' have an 'Unknown' risk rating at the time of disclosure.
Board Decision Date: 2012-03-15
The estimate day the bank will vote on a proposed investment. The decision dates may change, so review updated project documents or contact the EWS team.
Borrower or Client: PROTEAK UNO, S.A.B. DE C.V.
The holder of the loan, grant, or other investment.
Potential Rights Impacts:
Only for projects receiving a detailed analysis, a broad category of human and environmental rights and frequently at-risk populations.
  • Healthy Environment
  • Labor & Livelihood
  • Right to Health
  • Right to Water
Investment Type(s): Loan
The categories of the bank investment: loan, grant, etc.
Investment Amount (USD): $ 30.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Loan Amount (USD): $ 15.00 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please review updated project documents for more information.
Project Cost (USD): $ 113.60 million
Value listed on project documents at time of disclosure. If necessary, converted to USD$. Please see updated project documentation for more information.

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Primary Source

Original disclosure @ IFC website
Updated in EWS: 2018-02-08
Disclosure Date: 2012-02-13

Project Description

The proposed project will fund the continued expansion of Proteak's forestry operations in Mexico. This includes a newly acquired 1,956 hectares of established plantations in Mexico (Nayarit and Tabasco), Costa Rica (San Carlos, Santa Rosa and Pocosol), and Colombia (Bogota).

Early Warning System Project Analysis


The following IFC Performance Standards (PS) apply:

The assessment in Costa Rica identified some shortcomings in the breadth of impact assessment and avoidance of robust mitigation measures within plantation operations. To address these and other concerns, the Company will appoint an Environmental Health and Safety Manager to to facilitate and coordinate E&S efforts.

People Affected By This Project


Labor Rights
The Company's operations are spread across 20+ properties in four States in Mexico employing 300 casual laborers and 30 technical staff. Potential harmful impacts identified in bank documents include: A few deficiencies in proper use of personal protection equipment in plantation operations; required improvements in material flows within milling; inconsistent planning for training between sites; different requirements for tracking incidents and accidents between operations that need harmonized. Use of contractors is much more frequent in Costa Rica and Colombia where the Company has only 10-15 direct employees with technical or administrative duties. IFC identified several occupational health and safety risks including that not all logging contractors or transporters were equipped with radio equipment allowing them to navigate rural roads safely and that the road-worthiness of some contractor-owned rolling stock was questionable while there was an absence of procedures for ensuring road safety and proper maintenance. In the case of emergency, some areas where wildfires are possible were possibly out of cell phone service and the location for emergency equipment and identification of first responders was not routinely posted at some plantations. To mitigate some of the risks associated with labor and working conditions the Company will develop a standardized corporate EHS Policy and Operating Procedures that up will include adherence to all aspects of social and labor practices as applied in the national jurisdictions within which the plantations occur, including IFC's PS2 requirements.

Right to Health
Bank documents indicate that [s]everal occupational health and safety risks associated with affected communities were identified during the appraisal, including: project-related vehicular traffic accidents; risks from wildfires; and variable levels of community engagement. Lack of proper radio equipment and questionable road-worthiness of Company vehicles decreased road safety for both communities and workers.

Right to a Healthy Environment
Potential harmful impacts identified in bank documents include: The need for improvement in training in pesticide storage and application; a lack of standardization and routine reporting for calibration and maintenance of agrochemical application equipment inadequate soil fertility and pest management that causes overuse of chemicals; and the need to better monitor and manage soil fertility and surface water contamination risks due to wastewater from sanitation services. To address these risks, The Company will establish a standardized agrochemical procurement system and training plan to better manage the soil fertility and surface water contamination risks. Further concerns include inaccurate monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions as well as evidence of forest fires at all sites visited.

Right to Freedom of Expression, Assembly, and Association
Bank documents indicate a lack of adequate community engagement. The IFC states that [c]ommunications with surrounding communities is understandably variable given the rural areas in which the Company operates while, at the same time, [t]he Company has not yet developed a formal social engagement system. There is also reason for concern given that [d]emographic data reviewed and field observations indicate low population densities and high numbers of people living below the poverty line concentrated in towns within the region.

Investment Description

The investment amounts to US $30 million total; comprising of a $15 million A Loan and $15 million B Loan.

Private Actors

As of December 31, 2011, Proteak had 4,408 ha planted with teak trees located in the Mexican states of Jalisco, Nayarit, Tabasco and Chiapas. The Company has also acquired 1,956 ha of established plantations in Colombia and Costa Rica as well as in Mexico to improve its inventories profile by adding older plantations to its portfolio. The Company established 1,000 ha of new plantations in 2011 and plans to continue adding an average of 1,000 ha/year over the next few years.

Proteak Uno S.A.P.I.B. de C.V. (Proteak) is a mid-sized publicly-traded Mexican company engaged in the development of Teak plantations and is the largest forestry company in Mexico and Central America. Proteak is the world's third largest teak producer. With over 18,000 hectares of plantations in Mexico, Proteak exports its products to over 15 countries in North America, Europe and Asia.

Contact Information

Costa Rica: Randall Davis, Operation Manager
Santa Rosa, Pocosol, San Carlos Alajuela, Costa Rica
Phone: (506) 2477 7341
Mobile: (52 55) 9932076762

Colombia: Miguel Hernandez, Operation Manager
Carrera 9 # 74-08, Bogota D.C., Colombia
Mobile: (52 55) 5514733439


The Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) is the independent complaint mechanism and fact-finding body for people who believe they are likely to be, or have been, adversely affected by an IFC or MIGA- financed project. If you submit a complaint to the CAO, they may assist you in resolving a dispute with the company and/or investigate to assess whether the IFC is following its own policies and procedures for preventing harm to people or the environment. If you want to submit a complaint electronically, you can email the CAO at CAO@worldbankgroup.org. You can learn more about the CAO and how to file a complaint at http://www.cao-ombudsman.org/

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